Monday, April 28, 2008
Today in class
2. Students will share their outlines and work on introductions to their essays, if not already completed.
3. We'll read a bit from Letters from Mississippi: "School for Freedom," if there is time.
4. Adjusted research assignment deadlines: Wednesday, April 30, be prepared to develop an outline and write your introduction to the research essay. For students who are not behind, please post your essays with the other prewriting assignments. This is a first draft.
The completed essay is due, Monday, May 5. No exceptions! Bring in a paper copy to class 5/5 for a read aloud protocol demonstration. We will meet in class. The revised draft is to be posted by Tuesday, May 6.
5. I have posted 6 questions taken from A Long Walk to the Courthouse. Respond to three.
Ella Baker Center for Human Rights
The Ella Baker Center for Humans Rights started out of a Bay Area PoliceWatch, founded in 1995 as a hotline for victims of police brutality. The need for assistance was great, so Bay Area PoliceWatch quickly outgrew its small space and Van Jones officially launched the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights on September 1, 1996.
Ella Jo Baker was born December 13, 1903, in Norfolk Virginia. As a girl growing up in North Carolina, Baker listened to her grandmother tell stories about slave revolts. As a slave, her grandmother had been whipped for refusing to marry a man chosen for her by the slave owner. Ella Baker spent her life working behind the scenes to organize the Civil Rights Movement. If she could have changed anything about the movement, it might have been to persuade the men leading the movement to work more behind the scenes.
Baker was one of the visionaries who created the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, which drew the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. to it. She served two terms as the SCLC’s acting executive director but clashed with King, feeling that he controlled too much and empowered others too little.
In 1960 four black students in Greensboro, North Carolina, were refused service in a University cafeteria, setting off sympathetic sit-ins across the country. Starting with student activists at her Alma Mater, Baker founded the nationwide Student Non violent Coordinating Committee, which gave young blacks, woman and the poor, a major role in the Civil Rights Movement. Baker returned to New York City in 1964 and worked for human rights until her death.
Van Jones, born 1968, is a civil rights and human rights advocate in Oakland, California. Working to solve the social inequality and environmental destruction, he is the co-founder as well as executive director of the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights. The Ella Baker Center challenges human rights abuses in the United States criminal justice system and “promotes alternatives to violence and incarceration”. Jones currently focuses on green economic development for urban America. The City of Oakland is expected to adopt the Ella Baker Center’s “Green Jobs Corps” proposal this year, which aims to train youth eco-friendly “green-collar jobs”.
The Ella Baker Center for Human Rights first large campaign was for Aaron Williams, an unarmed black man killed by San Francisco police officer Marc Andaya in 1995. Andaya took part in the beating and kicking of Williams, emptying three cans of pepper spray into his face, while restraining him in a police van where he died. Andaya was known for past misconduct, including involvement in the death of another unarmed black man. He had 37 formal complaints of racism, brutality, and five lawsuits filed against him. Bay Area PoliceWatch helped lead a community-based campaign, “Justice for Aaron Williams,” which put Andaya on public train. After trials Andaya was fired from the San Francisco Police Department.
After the Aaron Williams victory, the Ella Baker Center began to expand. New campaigns and organizing projects included Third Eye Movement, New York City PoliceWatch, INSWatch, etc. Third Eye Movement spent its first few years working on local issues including the police murder of Sheila Detoy. Third Eye Movement was one of the leading Hip Hop organizations that helped led the fight against California’s Prop 21. Proposition 21 wanted to increase a variety of criminal penalties for crimes committed by youth and incorporated many youth offenders into the adult criminal system. Due to the movements, Bay Area counties were the only ones in the state to reject Proposition 21.
When the rest of California passed Proposition 21, the youth movement went through a period of “despair and mistrust.” Third Eye Movement split and the Oakland started a new Ella Baker Center campaign, Let’s Get Free. While Let’s Get Free focused on police in Oakland, the rest of Ella Baker launched a new campaign, Books Not Bars.
Books Not Bars and its ally, Youth Force Coalition, focused on taking apart the creation of one of the nation’s largest new juvenile hall in Oakland’s Alameda County. Alameda County agreed to cut the proposed expansion by 75 percent and to relocate the hall much closer to the families whose children were going to be jailed.
After protesting the juvenile hall expansion, the Ella Baker Center focused on campaigning to spread its vision of what the juvenile justice system should look like. In the past two years, the youth prison population has lowered by more than 50 percent and the Ella Baker Center has built a statewide network of over 500 family members with children in the Youth Authority. The campaign once known as Let’s Get Free is now Silence the Violence.
Today several organizations are still functional and helping the communities in great ways. From Books Not Bars, to the Silence the Violence, they are all going strong, we need to break the cycle of violence and reinvest in our cities. The organization offers smart solutions and uplifting alternatives to violence and incarceration.
English 201 B, 10-12
May 05, 2008
Mimi W. Lou and Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention
According to a 14-state survey in February, 2007: 1 in 150 American children in the United States have autism or a closely related disorder(Weiss, 2008). This is painful, not just for the child, but for the entire family who also struggle with this disorder. Many research findings suggest that parents of children with autism experience a significant higher level of stress than parents of children with other disabilities (CHAI Parent Support Group). Also, parents of children with autism are at a higher risk for depression and marital discord. These factors impact the entire family including parents, the child with autism and their siblings. Mimi W. Lou, Ph.D., founder of the CHAI (Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention) program, also has a son who is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. As a parent of a child with autism, Dr. Lou understands the difficulty of both making and hearing a diagnosis of autism. Her experiences and her desire to stand up for children with autism and their families are the reason why she founded CHAI. Although there is no known cure for autism, Dr. Lou believes that the future of children with autism depends on early intervention. She stresses that the sooner children are referred, evaluated and get appropriate help, the better the kid’s future.
To alert families about the growing incidence of autism, in 2006 the organization Autism Speaks launched a website developed specifically to educate the public about the disorder. This public advertising campaign presented various case studies.
Autism is defined as:
a complex neurobiological disorder that typically lasts throughout a person's lifetime. It is part of a group of disorders known as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Symptoms can range from very mild to quite severe. It is the fastest-growing developmental disorder in the U.S., and is more common than pediatric cancer, diabetes, and AIDS combined. It occurs in all racial, ethnic, and social groups and is four times more likely to strike boys than girls. The complex brain disorder inhibits a person’s ability to communicate, respond to surroundings and form relationships. Few parents, however, are aware of the early signs of autism, especially during its initial stages, when appropriate treatment could make a critical difference in a child’s development (Autism Campaign).
Mimi W. Lou is a psychologist and is the clinical director of Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention. Before her son was diagnosed with autism, Dr. Lou first worked as a clinical psychologist in the field of deafness. At first, Dr. Lou’s son was diagnosed with Global Developmental Delay when he was eight months old. In 1995, when he was three and half years old, he was diagnosed with autism. At that time, she tried to look at the best intervention for him, but she could not find an appropriate treatment that addressed all of her son’s areas of impairment. What she found were segregated services where specialists worked independently. She realized that specialized services have limitations that integrated services would better address. While she was struggling to find the right services for her son, the Parent-Infant Program at the Children’s Hospital in Oakland requested that she join the Parent-Infant Program as a staff member; there she met more parents who also struggled to find proper intervention for their children with autism. This incident graphically illustrated the lack of appropriate intervention, and she finally wrote a proposal for the CHAI program to the East Bay Regional Center. Her idea of the intervention was of bringing different approaches together to get each child customized direct services, including speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, and behavioral and developmentally-based treatment. The important different factor of the CHAI was that all these specialists would be working at one facility. This made things easier not only for parents, who didn’t have to drive their kids around, but also for the specialists since they could all talk about the child and coordinate care.
Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention, which started in 2001, is a comprehensive program of integrated services for infants and children up to age three who have been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, with the mildest diagnosis being Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified, and the most severe being a diagnosis of autism. It is designed for children who have developmental difficulties with communication and language, and in social relating. Also, CHAI has organized parent support groups to help family members in both emotional and practical ways. CHAI invites current and past CHAI parents and caregivers to educate and exchange information among parents. Families have had opportunities to share with other families what they have experienced and how they have coped through these parent support groups.
Dr. Lou receives community support for CHAI in two main ways. Children are referred to the program through referrals from the Regional Center of the East Bay (RCEB) and CHAI is funded by the RCEB. Families pay nothing for the program. Also, this program’s success depends largely on the participation of volunteer tutors. In order to provide intensive, one-on-one service to the child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), CHAI trains and supervises graduate-level practicum students, pre-doctoral interns, post-doctoral fellows, and undergraduate tutors so that they can actively engage children and structure learning experiences for each child (Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland). CHAI is a developmentally-based comprehensive autism treatment program, unlike other more traditional programs that are either behavioral and/or more narrowly relationship-focused. Furthermore, the program is not only for the children and their families, but also a training program that has influenced many undergraduate and graduate students as well as other volunteers who understand children in deeper, broader, more complex ways. Dr. Lou hopes that these students will take that understanding with them in their future work and use it in very positive ways for the larger community and society.
A pre-doctoral intern, Clarissa Montanaro, who has worked at CHAI for several years, gave an example of how CHAI has impacted the lives of its patients. She told a story of J, a soon-to-be six-year-old former client of CHAI who no longer meets the diagnostic criteria for autism or for any other disorder on the spectrum. However, when he was 18 months old, J had been referred to CHAI with the lowest diagnostic designation on the autism spectrum disorder, along with “global delay,” which means mental retardation. He was non-verbal, not responsive to his name, rigidly obsessed with looking at clocks and his favorite activity was making objects spin. In addition to daily 2-1/2 hour intensive treatment sessions at CHAI, J’s parents enrolled him for 3 afternoons a week in a preschool for typically developing children. CHAI sent staff to the preschool weekly to work with J there and to confer with school staff. J received no other interventions. His parents were actively involved in his CHAI program, and would immediately implement any suggestions CHAI staff offered. When he left CHAI at 3 years old, his parents hired a former CHAI tutor to shadow him at preschool. Her task was to facilitate his interaction with his peers, and she remained with him until he was 4-1/2 years old. By the time he turned 5, J no longer showed symptoms of autism.
Social entrepreneurs are people who believe others are able to change their condition if they have the right tools or are given such opportunities. They are active workers and educators who create and suggest sustainable solutions for recipients to solve their problems. Instead of charity, they are actively involved in the recipients’ lives and try to put people in a position to build their own lives. Dr. Mimi Lou is a social entrepreneur who gave families with children with autism resources, education, support and encouragement. Although Dr. Lou’s son never benefited directly from CHAI because he was already 10 years old when she started CHAI, Dr. Lou kept accumulating data on her son and brought these emotional and physical experiences to CHAI. Through CHAI and its parent support groups, she and the team of CHAI keep educating and suggesting sustainable solutions for families who desperately need help in raising their children with autism. However, when asked about her achievement through CHAI, Dr. Lou remarked, “CHAI has helped support me to do this work with other families, and to grow in my understanding of autism and children and people, and to be a stronger spokesperson and leader.”
Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland. 2008. 17 Apr. 2008 http://www.childrenshospitaloakland.org/healthcare/depts/chai_team.asp
Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland. 2008. 20 Apr. 2008 http://www.childrenshospitaloakland.org/Medical_Education/Practicum_Placements.asp
Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention. CHAI Parent Support Group
Autism Speaks, It’s time to listen, Autism Campaign Case Study
Levy, Tom. “Suspect Autism?” Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland's Medical F.Y.I Staff News Oct. 2007; 4+
Lou, Mimi. Personal interview. 24 Apr. 2008
Montanaro, Clarissa. Personal Interview. 3rd May. 2008
Weiss, Rick. “1 in 150 Children in U.S. Has Autism, New Survey Finds.” Washingtonpost.com 9 Feb. 2008. 28 Apr. 2008 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/08/AR2007020801883_pf.html
Children’s Hospital & Research Center Oakland Volunteer Handbook
Regional Center of East Bay. 2004. http://www.rceb.org/home.htm
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