Tuesday, May 13, 2008


Research Essays Cyber post

Post your final drafts of the research essay here with the outline and inital planning sheet. Write a short narrative explaining how the final draft differs from the earlier draft(s).

Carmen Truong
Sabir 10-12

Environmental Science Academy, also known as ESA, was established in 1999 through a partnership with individuals, organizations, and agencies working to protect our precious environment. ESA is a program that educates students about the environment. The academy is active in the community events such as Coastal Cleanup, Save Our Waters Week, National Wildlife Refuge Week, Earth Day and Spare the Air Day. Students who are in the academy had also received awards in the Citrus County Regional and California Science and Engineering Fair for their outstanding effort. To be in ESA all students between grades nine and twelve are require maintained a 2.0 GPA or higher. I was first introduced to ESA in high school. Mr. Jordan and Mrs. Noonan was my ESA instructors. I have joined this academy Freshmen year in High School. They taught me many great things through the course of those four years that I will never forget.
The Environmental Science Academy is run by Kevin Jordan and Katie Noonan. ESA is usually known for high-achieving students and many field trips. In ESA students are also given various tools to prepare for the future such as community service, college classes, School-to-Careers and other activities. For ESA students some fieldtrips include white water rafting, camping trips and many others. Some other examples are Catalina Island, Snow Trip and a Senior Trip to either Costa Rica or Hawaii.
As a fellow member of ESA I was taught to do many useful things for this community such as recycling and community service. We went to many field trips to learn a lot about the environment and the different kind of species that inhabits them. We also go Lake Merritt every week on Tuesday to test the lake. We would ride the boat with a group of people. As we ride from a certain places, we test out the salinity of the water. The salinity of the water tells us the level of salt in the water. It also tells us the oxygen level, and how polluted the lake is. In order to test what is living in the water we took samples from the lake and study it through a microscope. Thought the microscope we see a lot of living species including bacteria we cannot see with the nake eye. After we test out the water in the lake our studies concluded that the lake was very polluted. Even a small amount of water pollution could cause the whole lake to be polluted. We also hiked around Lake Merritt. As we hiked around the lake Mr. Jordan would point out the different kinds of birds, trees and plants that was in the area.
For all the ESA members, we have to recycle. The goal was that we have to try keep the community a better place to live. Another task as a member of ESA was to go to each classroom and collect what could recycle. We took a trips to the dumpster and saw garbage piling up. We pick through the garbage for what could be recycle or reused. We learned that if we recycle, it could be reuse and reduce. A person could produce as many as 10% of garbage a day he or she could reduces it to 5% by recycling plastic, paper, aluminum. And put compostable items into the decomposing bin. This is important because landfills are running out of space. We are creating more and more landfills everday. Landfills will get closer communities, causing air and water pollution to our health. We can also pay lower trash bills if we recycle. I notice a lot of people don’t recycle and don’t care about it, but we not only helping others but ourselves too. If the world is clean, the air we breathe could be even better. Not only outdoors should be clean, inside large buildings can also cause bad air pollution. Sometimes at home can cause bad health problem such as smoking or cooking. People with heart problem or lung cancer are more likely causes of the air pollutions. Littering shouldn’t be allowed at all, that’s why there is a 1,000 fine for people that litter. Therefore, we should make this world a possible chance to make this community better if we can educate the public about the benefits of recycling, educate students about the importance of recycling and label recyclable at recyclable items for people to recycle.
We went to Monterey Bay Aquarium to visits the inhabitants, we look at the seals, and they are wild animals and can bite. There was a hospital room for the seal if the seal is sick. This woman was helping the seal. I learn that if the seal is sick, then they don’t want to eat, they have to use a long tube to stick it in the seals mouth to the stomach and pump food in there or else they will die. We also had a classroom to learn about the invertebrate. We also went to many hiking on many long hard roads. Mr. Jordan point out different kinds of plants to us, the poison kinds and many different kinds. Mr. Jordan had a test for us to see if we remember it. There are many trips such as snow trips, Catalina, Hawaii, Snow boarding, and rafting that I didn’t go, but I regretted, I wish I went to all the trips. Even though there are few people who came back with injured arms or legs, but they still went again, because they had fun. All the trips we went are to learn, not to relax, but we educated ourselves. We did community service in school together. We clean the school garden, painted the walls, plant flowers and grass, we water it every other day, and we saw them grew beautifully, and we also went to clean up the beaches. In everyday class, we learn about the environment, global warming, Nuclear energy, Acid Rain, population, and we also did a lot of experiment in class.
I really enjoy joining ESA, although there are many notes we have to study on, but we also had fun. The trips we went to all help me with my tests. It is very important to know all these information because it taught me to save a better community with this knowledge. All the ESA members got very close connection, we got more socialize. The main strategy I use writing this essay is my knowledge. In class, Mr. Jordan taught us about different vocabulary words due to the Environment, we have to look up the words for its meaning, and then we have discussion of those words, we also did a project about DNA. The biggest part I’ve learned is at Lake Merritt, because we spend more time there studying on the water, the species, etc… Overall, I think this academy is worth joining, although I graduated high school, I miss ESA. We all still keep in touch with Mr. Jordan, sometimes he will send us emails asking us if we want to go on a trip with his class. I definitely recommend young girls in high school join ESA.

Dylan Cunningham
Sabir 1-3 201B

Ernest Coulter and Richard Miles
Historical and Modern Social Entrepreneurs

By: Dylan Cunningham 05-07-08 English 1-3 201B

Ernest Coulter was a social entrepreneur who was considered the official founder of Big Brothers/ Big Sisters of America who lived in the early 1900s. Richard Miles is a modern social entrepreneur who had helped make this dream a reality in the San Francisco Bay Area.
One thing in our society that really needs change is the fact that young kids growing up in poor areas don’t have good role models and end up getting in to lots of trouble, like doing drugs and alcohol and going to jail. One organization that started back in the early 1900s set out to try and solve this problem. In 1904, there was a New York City court clerk named Ernest Coulter, who began seeing the same troubled boys show up in his courtroom over and over again. He saw that none of these children had a legit adult in their lives that could help them get through these hard stages of their life. He was appalled by all of the misery and suffering of thousands of these children. Ernest Coulter had other influences in his life that made him want to help people as well. In 1893 he was a journalist with the Pittsburg Dispatch and eventually became the editor. This led to him witnessing a lot of suffering when he acted as a war correspondent in Cuba and Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War. After the war is when he became a court clerk and when he started telling the local men’s club about all of the sad children he had to witness every day. Forty volunteers responded to his stories and the first organized activities of what would become the Big Brothers/Big Sisters of America were underway. So, he ended up starting a movement without even realizing it. By 1912, there were “Big Brothers” volunteering in 26 cities. By 1919, Big Brother had expanded to 96 cities around the country. Another group called the Ladies of Charity was equally concerned about troubled girls. This as well began a chain reaction which soon named them “Catholic Big Sisters”. In 1977 the two groups formally merged, and became Big Brothers Big Sisters of America. Today they operate in all 50 states and in 35 countries around the world, serving over 110,000 youth and their families.

Richard Miles is a business consultant and entrepreneur who was made CEO and charged with bringing the energy and drive of a for-profit company to the new branch of BBBS that was being formed in the San Francisco bay area. His main challenge was to bring all of this “business sense” to the organization without loosing focus on the kids. Miles was a little brother once too. He is still close to his big brother Karl after 40 years since they began. He soon devised a 5-year plan and set the agency on a new course. He built successful businesses as an entrepreneur and consultant for many years. He started his first business in 1980 and sold it to a Fortune 100 company in 1984. They built computerized systems that reduced energy use in high-rise office buildings, a “green business” long before the term was coined. After 5 years managing worldwide sales and marketing in the Fortune 500, Mr. Miles started a consulting firm to help tech companies go from startup to being successful by writing business plans, raising money, building sales teams, designing advertising, packaging, and websites. He was in the tech business from the 1980s through the dot-com boom and bust, which he described as a fantastic roller coaster ride where he learned a lot along the way. As a boy who grew up without a Dad, Richard was lucky enough to have a “Big Brother” in his life since age 11. This is why he considered the opportunity to lead Big Brothers Big Sisters of the San Francisco Bay Area, which was too good of an opportunity to pass up. Mr. Miles’ vision to build a combination of business and personal support for the agency in order to dramatically increase the number of young people it can serve, and to make sure that the BBBS organization can survive long-term. They create relationships that are safe, precious, and have the power to transform lives. Richard Miles went to Laney College, Oakland CA, and took music and drama from 1974 to 1976. He also attended Stanford University Graduate School of Business where he studied executive program for nonprofit leaders 2008.

The 5 year plan that BBBS set as their goal is serving 5000 children annually, in the Bay Area by 2010. In 2007, they made significant progress towards this goal by serving almost 1000 children so far this fiscal year. They have functionalized roles, hired and trained additional staff, and focus on service delivery as an improvable idea. Over the past year, they increased staff by 38 percent while doubling the number of new matches made in 2006 over 2005. The number of matches ending decreased by 52 percent, netting a huge overall performance improvement that far exceeded expectations. They also improved sustainability with the hiring of a Chief Executive Officer in December of 2005, and the birth of a Development Department, now with 3 full-time staff members. They also expanded their site and school-=based programs to all five Bay Area counties, and three new program sites opened this past year and three more are being developed.

Their mission is to help children reach their potential through professionally supported one-to-one relationships with proven results. BBBS of the Bay Area’s vision is to provide a caring adult mentor to every child in need across all five Bay Area counties. They are committed to sustainable growth and excellence in service delivery.

They currently serve children in San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Contra Costa and Alameda Counties. More than 85 percent of children currently enrolled in their programs quality for free or reduced-prices on their lunches, and over 70 percent of the families quality for some type of public assistance. Lots of the children who participate in their mentoring programs show symptoms that have to do with love income and living in distressed areas, involving: juvenile crime and gang activity, low academic performance, and low self-esteem. With no intervention, these kids are highly unlikely to graduate high school.

Richard Miles is only one of over 2500 professionals who are acting as social entrepreneurs in the BBBS of America organization. All of this resulted from the efforts of Ernest Coulter, the original BBBS social entrepreneur. That just goes to show you how one person can make a difference in the world and have a significant impact on social change.

1. www.bbbsba.org
2. www.wikipedia.com
3. www.bigbrothersbigsisters.org
4. jobs.myspace.com/a/ms-jobs/list/q-BBBS
5. www.beafriend.org/a_agencystaff.php
Lewis Holman

-The subject of my paper is about the Omega Boys club and how they orginated and what they represent.
-I wanted to write about this subject because I went through a similar experience but I was sent to military school.
-My audience will be the COA students and Studens in Ms.sabir's class.
-the qusetions it want my paper to answer is:1.Who is the social entrepreneur profiled?
2.What problem did the person profiled identify?
3.What is the name of the organization they started?
4.Describe their relationship to the community that they serve?
• Why they decided to address this issue?
5.What is the local component?
6.How does the community own the process?
7. Name measureable results.
-The main strategy I used is description.

This final draft is different from my other drafts because I talked about a person who went through the program and I updated and added new info and quotes.
Lewis Holman


Founded in February of 1987, Dr. Joseph Marshall and Jack Jacqua’s, Omega Boys club, has helped keep the youth alive for almost 20 years in the community of San Francisco. The Omega Boys club was established to stop the death of young blacks and get them off the streets. Dr. Marshall felt that violence was a disease that spread amongst all young people, and the Omega Boys was their treatment. Joe and Jack could very easily see that the “culture of violence” was deeply imbedded into most lives of the youth. They were coming across the violence on a daily bases, weather it was in their homes or in their neighborhood. The youth needed some type of support and motivation to keep them focused on the task at hand, and the omega boys was the perfect answer for them. With the club helping them, the youth could get back into school and graduate; move out of the violence infected neighborhood and into a better, safer living environment. Dr. Marshall and Jack Jacqua’s idea would not only help change the lives of many youths but also guide them on the right path in life.
Dr. Joseph Marshall, a social entrepreneur who wanted to make a better living for troubled youth and was a hard working man. He has earned a B.A. in political science and sociology, a M.A. in education, and a PhD in psychology. Before ha started the Omega Boy club he was a school teacher and an administrator. During his 25 years with the San Francisco Unified school district, he noticed the problem with the youth and how they were dropping out of school rapidly getting involved with the streets, and drug trades then ending up dead. It was then that Joe Marshal decided to quit his 25 year career in education and dedicate his life to understanding youth violence. Since the club first opened, Joe Marshall has received many awards from the Macarthur Foundation Genius Award, to Oprah Winfrey’s “Use your life” award. Dr. Marshall has helped many youth make better lives for themselves and find there way out of the ghetto. Dr. Marshall believes that the main effort to stopping the violence in the community is in the music industry’s involvement. Dr. Marshall says that “Even artist have said the music has changed and it’s poisoning our children today…” He also believes that the same strategies used to help hundreds of youth and young adults in the Bay Area, can be used to help many others all across the world.
Jack Jacqua, co-founder of the Omega Boys club, also worked for the San Francisco unified school district as a teacher, counselor and couch. Before he passed away, he earlier quit his job with the district, along with Joe Marshall, to devote his life to helping the troubled youth in his community. Jack Jacqua had spent 35 years active in his community helping youth so he had experience with them already. Once the Omega Boys club opened up he became a peer counselor coordinator. He would use to send his time going around to Juvenile Hall, and other youth/young adult prisons prompting the Omega boys club; trying to motivate the youth to do better in their lives.
Dr. Marshall has helped changed many lives and has had many of the youth he has worked with look up to him. Growing up in West Oakland, Enoch Hawkins witnessed his first murder by age eight. He joined a gang for personal security, and went on his first drive-by at twelve. He lived with his mother and six siblings in a cramped house. Once he got into the Omega Boys club he decided to change his life. He wanted to get his GED and get his first job that wasn’t selling drug and he knew the Omega Boys club could help him do that. "The people at Omega make me feel like I'm somebody; you know what I'm saying? Before I met Mr. Marshall I wasn't even thinking about college. I changed my mind...because I looked up to Mr. Marshall so much, and I see how educated he has been. I'd rather be here trying...than to be on the street and die in two or three years. That's how I look at the whole situation.” says Enoch Hawkins. Enoch now works at Starbucks Coffee. He has completed three of the four requirements for his GED certification, and hopes to go on to college soon or later.
Since Joe Marshall and Jack Jacqua Founded the club in 1987, they have graduated 133 college students who are all supported by the Omega Boys club scholarship fund and another 60 students currently in colleges across the country, 63 Projects which utilize the Omega Boys Club Street Soldiers Violence Prevention methodology, 12 radio station affiliates for the Street Soldiers syndicated radio program, a book entitled “Street Soldiers”, and a documentary film about the Omega Boys club and they represent and the lives they have changed. Throughout his work with the Omega Boy club, Dr. Marshall has become the first person to classify violence as a disease. Dr. Marshall has also organized a movement to help prevent this disease for getting worst: The movement is called the Alive and Free movement. This Movement is somewhat similar to the civil rights movement but as quoted on a website that I have researched, “A half century ago the opponent was discrimination, racism and unjust laws…” Today, the Alive and Free movement is combating the disease of violence, and how it is effecting our youth and young adults. In November 2007, Dr. Marshall took the Omega Boys club and the Alive and Free movement to South Africa because of their crime rate: it was rated the highest in the world in some categories.
As a result of the Omega Boys club, many youths and young adults have made a complete lifestyle change for the better. With their many headquarters located in San Francisco, the Omega Boys have found many ways to reach out to the youth; weather it’s their radio programs, T.V. programs or websites. They are very helpful when it comes to changing lives and making the youth see that they are victims of there own choices, but that doesn’t mean the help stops there. There is still a lot of violence out in the world today, probably closer to you then you think, so the choice is up to you to stop the violence and increase the peace but are you willing to put forth an effort to help those in need. "Think of the word `tough.' Cause if you're bad don't mean you're tough. Tough means that you can make it out here. Tough is that you declare to yourself in the mirror that you are somebody. That's being tough." -- Jack Jacqua, Co-founder, Omega Boys Club.


Street Soldiers Radio program- 106.1 kmel Sunday 9am-10am
Street Soldiers- The Book
“Street Soldiers”- the documentary film
Jessica Ramos
201 B 1-3
Youth Speaks

There are many young people that don’t do anything after school. Some just go home, do homework and they hang around with their friends. But there are also those who go to after school programs and Youth Speaks is where some students go to. Youth Speaks is a place where youth can meet new people and have fun. Most of the youth that come to this program like poetry; they like to write it and perform it and Youth Speaks is the right place to be at. Youth Speaks is a nonprofit organization that helps the youth to write and perform their poems around the Bay Area. It is the Nation’s leading nonprofit presenter of spoken word performance, education, and youth development programs.
Youth Speaks was founded by James Kass in 1996 in San Francisco and it has helped young people to write poetry and get the microphone here in the Bay Area and beyond. Youth Speaks works with 45,00 teens per year in the Bay Area alone, in cities like San Francisco, Oakland, and Berkeley. It has also created programs in 36 cities across the United States. Youth Speaks is “absolutely committed to [provide] youth with as many opportunities as possible to develop and publicly present their voices in a variety of media- from live performances and theater, to videos, books, CD’s and online”(www.youthspeaks.org.)
James Kass, who is originally from New York, is the founder and executive director of Youth Speaks. Kass has established workshops in over 350 high schools, universities, public libraries, juvenile detention centers, and youth service agencies. He is also the executive editor of First Word Press, Youth Speaks’ publishing company. Kass is the creator of the annual Youth Speaks Tenn Poetry Slam, Spoken City, Brave New Voices, and the Bringing the Noise Reading Series. Kass is a founding member of the San Francisco Poet Laureate Executive Committee, and has been a panelist for the California Arts Spoken Word Fellowship and the San Francisco Arts Commission Creative Space Award. He also is an Advisory Board member for Youth Sounds, the Nation’s premiere youth media program and teaches classes at the California College of the Arts. James has spoken on a lot of panels, some are Changemakers, Hip Hop Activism, and Grantmakers in the Arts, he has also published many articles on youth, poetry, spoken word and education. As a social entrepreneur James Kass has raised over 10 million dollars through his work with Youth Speaks. This money is used for the development of a national movement of brave new voices, which are the new, young poets and artists.
If it weren’t for the community there wouldn’t be any Youth Speaks. This program is designed for the community, to help the youth. Youth Speaks has many workshops and programs after school so that teens can go and get help with their poetry. There are many young people that really like poetry; that are very talented buy have nowhere to show this and that’s why they are at Youth Speaks. In this program there are Poet Mentors which are community members. These mentors help the youth by making it easier for them to write poems about real life experiences. By being in Youth Speaks, youth feel comfortable, they all make a safe environment and everyone feels confident to share their poems and opinions.
By going to Youth Speaks the teens have gained a lot. They receive help and are better at writing and performing their poetry. By writing poetry they express better, they get their feelings off their chest. They received all this help by either going to the workshops after school or because staff from Youth Speaks went to their schools and had the workshops in their class. There is some staff members that got in touch with teachers and they had the workshops in the classrooms. This is a very good opportunity for the students to learn more about poetry and to be in a place where they can share their poems. This is also good for those students that can’t go to the workshops; they have the workshops in their classroom. All these young people have the opportunity to grow more as artists or get better in their poetry. Youth also have the opportunity to be at a place where they can do what they like; poetry, instead of being out in the streets getting into trouble. Along with the workshops, Youth Speaks also offers assemblies in schools which serve as exposure to Youth Speaks programs. Their poet mentors perform poetry on topics familiar to youth, like music, family and friends, to get them interested. By visiting schools, about 35,000 students have learned about spoken word and poetry performances (www.youthspeaks.org.)
If students get interested in Youth Speaks after being at an assembly they can attend the workshops which are usually after school. There are a variety of workshops that they can attend, which are: “Songs in the Key of Life”, a workshop exploring the creative voice using life, poetry, and music as inspiration. This is a workshop where they will write songs and poetry. Another workshop is “The Future, Presently” where youth pay close attention to current issues that are effecting their generation today and will affect them in the future. There’s also the “Hip Hop/Emcee” workshop where they learn to improve on rhyme schemes and write better lyrics. “Mouth Off” is an introductory level workshop where they can learn all the basic fundamentals necessary to perform their very own poetry. All of these workshops are either in San Francisco, Oakland, or Berkeley.
People gain a lot by helping others out. James Kass has helped out a lot of people, especially youth and this makes him feel good because by helping others makes anyone feel good and he has gained many awards for this. The young people also benefit from going to Youth Speaks. Youth get help from staff and get to learn about poetry. But they just don’t learn about poetry by going to Youth Speaks, they also learn about others subjects. Youth get to see life in a different way, more positive and also get to learn more about themselves. I think that Youth Speaks is a very good place to go to. It keeps youth doing something they enjoy, and out of the streets, out of any trouble. Youth Speaks is a program designed for the youth, it’s a place where they can go and speak out what they think and express their feelings in poetry.
Jessica Ramos

There were a few corrections that I made to this draft from my previous one. There were some spelling and grammar errors which i got fixed. Ialso added more quotes and statistics.
Seonhea Koo
Professor Sabir
English 201 B, 10-12
May 05, 2008

Mimi W. Lou and Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention

According to a 14-state survey in February, 2007: 1 in 150 American children in the United States have autism or a closely related disorder(Weiss, 2008). This is painful, not just for the child, but for the entire family who also struggle with this disorder. Many research findings suggest that parents of children with autism experience a significant higher level of stress than parents of children with other disabilities (CHAI Parent Support Group). Also, parents of children with autism are at a higher risk for depression and marital discord. These factors impact the entire family including parents, the child with autism and their siblings. Mimi W. Lou, Ph.D., founder of the CHAI (Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention) program, also has a son who is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. As a parent of a child with autism, Dr. Lou understands the difficulty of both making and hearing a diagnosis of autism. Her experiences and her desire to stand up for children with autism and their families are the reason why she founded CHAI. Although there is no known cure for autism, Dr. Lou believes that the future of children with autism depends on early intervention. She stresses that the sooner children are referred, evaluated and get appropriate help, the better the kid’s future.

To alert families about the growing incidence of autism, in 2006 the organization Autism Speaks launched a website developed specifically to educate the public about the disorder. This public advertising campaign presented various case studies.
Autism is defined as:
a complex neurobiological disorder that typically lasts throughout a person's lifetime. It is part of a group of disorders known as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Symptoms can range from very mild to quite severe. It is the fastest-growing developmental disorder in the U.S., and is more common than pediatric cancer, diabetes, and AIDS combined. It occurs in all racial, ethnic, and social groups and is four times more likely to strike boys than girls. The complex brain disorder inhibits a person’s ability to communicate, respond to surroundings and form relationships. Few parents, however, are aware of the early signs of autism, especially during its initial stages, when appropriate treatment could make a critical difference in a child’s development (Autism Campaign).

Mimi W. Lou is a psychologist and is the clinical director of Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention. Before her son was diagnosed with autism, Dr. Lou first worked as a clinical psychologist in the field of deafness. At first, Dr. Lou’s son was diagnosed with Global Developmental Delay when he was eight months old. In 1995, when he was three and half years old, he was diagnosed with autism. At that time, she tried to look at the best intervention for him, but she could not find an appropriate treatment that addressed all of her son’s areas of impairment. What she found were segregated services where specialists worked independently. She realized that specialized services have limitations that integrated services would better address. While she was struggling to find the right services for her son, the Parent-Infant Program at the Children’s Hospital in Oakland requested that she join the Parent-Infant Program as a staff member; there she met more parents who also struggled to find proper intervention for their children with autism. This incident graphically illustrated the lack of appropriate intervention, and she finally wrote a proposal for the CHAI program to the East Bay Regional Center. Her idea of the intervention was of bringing different approaches together to get each child customized direct services, including speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, and behavioral and developmentally-based treatment. The important different factor of the CHAI was that all these specialists would be working at one facility. This made things easier not only for parents, who didn’t have to drive their kids around, but also for the specialists since they could all talk about the child and coordinate care.

Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention, which started in 2001, is a comprehensive program of integrated services for infants and children up to age three who have been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, with the mildest diagnosis being Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified, and the most severe being a diagnosis of autism. It is designed for children who have developmental difficulties with communication and language, and in social relating. Also, CHAI has organized parent support groups to help family members in both emotional and practical ways. CHAI invites current and past CHAI parents and caregivers to educate and exchange information among parents. Families have had opportunities to share with other families what they have experienced and how they have coped through these parent support groups.

Dr. Lou receives community support for CHAI in two main ways. Children are referred to the program through referrals from the Regional Center of the East Bay (RCEB) and CHAI is funded by the RCEB. Families pay nothing for the program. Also, this program’s success depends largely on the participation of volunteer tutors. In order to provide intensive, one-on-one service to the child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), CHAI trains and supervises graduate-level practicum students, pre-doctoral interns, post-doctoral fellows, and undergraduate tutors so that they can actively engage children and structure learning experiences for each child (Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland). CHAI is a developmentally-based comprehensive autism treatment program, unlike other more traditional programs that are either behavioral and/or more narrowly relationship-focused. Furthermore, the program is not only for the children and their families, but also a training program that has influenced many undergraduate and graduate students as well as other volunteers who understand children in deeper, broader, more complex ways. Dr. Lou hopes that these students will take that understanding with them in their future work and use it in very positive ways for the larger community and society.

A pre-doctoral intern, Clarissa Montanaro, who has worked at CHAI for several years, gave an example of how CHAI has impacted the lives of its patients. She told a story of J, a soon-to-be six-year-old former client of CHAI who no longer meets the diagnostic criteria for autism or for any other disorder on the spectrum. However, when he was 18 months old, J had been referred to CHAI with the lowest diagnostic designation on the autism spectrum disorder, along with “global delay,” which means mental retardation. He was non-verbal, not responsive to his name, rigidly obsessed with looking at clocks and his favorite activity was making objects spin. In addition to daily 2-1/2 hour intensive treatment sessions at CHAI, J’s parents enrolled him for 3 afternoons a week in a preschool for typically developing children. CHAI sent staff to the preschool weekly to work with J there and to confer with school staff. J received no other interventions. His parents were actively involved in his CHAI program, and would immediately implement any suggestions CHAI staff offered. When he left CHAI at 3 years old, his parents hired a former CHAI tutor to shadow him at preschool. Her task was to facilitate his interaction with his peers, and she remained with him until he was 4-1/2 years old. By the time he turned 5, J no longer showed symptoms of autism.

Social entrepreneurs are people who believe others are able to change their condition if they have the right tools or are given such opportunities. They are active workers and educators who create and suggest sustainable solutions for recipients to solve their problems. Instead of charity, they are actively involved in the recipients’ lives and try to put people in a position to build their own lives. Dr. Mimi Lou is a social entrepreneur who gave families with children with autism resources, education, support and encouragement. Although Dr. Lou’s son never benefited directly from CHAI because he was already 10 years old when she started CHAI, Dr. Lou kept accumulating data on her son and brought these emotional and physical experiences to CHAI. Through CHAI and its parent support groups, she and the team of CHAI keep educating and suggesting sustainable solutions for families who desperately need help in raising their children with autism. However, when asked about her achievement through CHAI, Dr. Lou remarked, “CHAI has helped support me to do this work with other families, and to grow in my understanding of autism and children and people, and to be a stronger spokesperson and leader.”

Works Cited
Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland. 2008. 17 Apr. 2008 http://www.childrenshospitaloakland.org/healthcare/depts/chai_team.asp
Children’s Hospital and Research Center Oakland. 2008. 20 Apr. 2008 http://www.childrenshospitaloakland.org/Medical_Education/Practicum_Placements.asp
Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention. CHAI Parent Support Group
Autism Speaks, It’s time to listen, Autism Campaign Case Study
Levy, Tom. “Suspect Autism?” Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland's Medical F.Y.I Staff News Oct. 2007; 4+
Lou, Mimi. Personal interview. 24 Apr. 2008
Montanaro, Clarissa. Personal Interview. 3rd May. 2008
Weiss, Rick. “1 in 150 Children in U.S. Has Autism, New Survey Finds.” Washingtonpost.com 9 Feb. 2008. 28 Apr. 2008http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/08/AR2007020801883_pf.html

Children’s Hospital & Research Center Oakland Volunteer Handbook
Regional Center of East Bay. 2004http://www.rceb.org/home.htm

Revision Process
I wrote this paper to inform the seriousness and commonness of Autism Spectrum Disorder and to show an example of social entrepreneur Dr. Mimi Lou, founder of Children’s Hospital Autism Intervention, who has worked to help the suffering of families who have children with autism. However, in my first draft, I didn’t show information effectively; I put two statistics together. From the comment I got, I realized I didn’t consider audience’s knowledge about the subject, autism, well since I have more ideas of autism and suffering of families with children with autism. So I took off one statistic, and instead, I described about the impact of autism on their families more.
For the introduction, I focused on how the social entrepreneur, Dr. Lou were associated with the problem of autism and got a motivation to solve the problem. In conclusion, I proved her as a social entrepreneur since she and CHAI have given for the families with children with autism resources, education, support and encouragement.
On supporting paragraphs, I wrote the general information of autism, what motivated Dr. Lou to start CHAI and about CHAI, how she got the community supports and what the community got from CHAI, and one successful example of how CHAI impacted the lives of its patients. However, while I am reading the first draft, I realized that third paragraph is too long and not enough to give idea about the mission of CHAI. So I separated third paragraph in two to shorten unbalanced paragraph. Also, to emphasize the mission of CHAI, I added more detailed information of parent support groups in the new paragraph.
In addition, because of comments, I realized my distracting shifts in point of view on my draft. Even my paper dominated by third person point of view, I naturally changed it to first person point of view when I report interviews and suggest my personal experiences. So I revised draft to third person point of view which emphasized the subject. It made revision paper a formal academic writing.
Alejandro Aguilar
English 1B
Ella Baker Center for Human Rights

The Ella Baker Center for Humans Rights started out a Bay Area PoliceWatch, founded in 1995 as a hotline for victims of police brutality. The need for assistance was great, so Bay Area PoliceWatch quickly outgrew its small space and Van Jones officially launched the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights on September 1, 1996.
Ella Jo Baker was born December 13, 1903, in Norfolk Virginia. As a girl growing up in North Carolina, Baker listened to her grandmother tell stories about slave revolts. As a slave, her grandmother had been whipped for refusing to marry a man chosen for her by the slave owner. Ella Baker spent her life working behind the scenes to organize the Civil Rights Movement. If she could have changed anything about the movement, it might have been to persuade the men leading the movement to work more behind the scenes.
Baker was one of the visionaries who created the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, which drew the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. to it. She served two terms as the SCLC’s acting executive director but clashed with King, feeling that he controlled too much and empowered others too little.
In 1960 four black students in Greensboro, North Carolina, were refused service in a University cafeteria, setting off sympathetic sit-ins across the country. Starting with student activists at her Alma Mater, Baker founded the nationwide Student Non violent Coordinating Committee, which gave young blacks, woman and the poor, a major role in the Civil Rights Movement. Baker returned to New York City in 1964 and worked for human rights until her death.
Van Jones, born 1968, is a civil rights and human rights advocate in Oakland, California. Working to solve the social inequality and environmental destruction, he is the co-founder as well as executive director of the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights. The Ella Baker Center challenges human rights abuses in the United States criminal justice system and “promotes alternatives to violence and incarceration”. Jones currently focuses on green economic development for urban America. The City of Oakland is expected to adopt the Ella Baker Center’s “Green Jobs Corps” proposal this year, which aims to train in youth eco-friendly “green-collar jobs”. The mission is to help build an inclusive, green economy- strong enough to lift millions of people out of poverty. As an advocate for the toughest urban organization and causes, he has won many awards. These included the 1998 Reebok International Human Rights Award, the International Ashoka Fellowship, selection as a World Economic Forum “Young Global Leader,” and the Rockefeller Foundation “Next Generation Leadership” Fellowship. Van has served on the boards of numerous national environmental organizations. Today he is a board member of the National Apollo Alliance, which advocates for clean energy jobs. He is also a founding board member of 1Sky, a national coalition working to avert catastrophic climate change. In 2007, Van helped the City of Oakland pass a “Green Jobs Corps” proposal; the group collected funds to train Oakland residents in eco-friendly “green-collar jobs”. He is pushing to create the first ever “Green Enterprise Zone” and attract environmentally sound industry to Oakland.

The Ella Baker Center for Human Rights first large campaign was for Aaron Williams, an unarmed black man killed by San Francisco police officer Marc Andaya in 1995. Andaya took part in the beating and kicking of Williams, emptying three cans of pepper spray into his face, while restraining him in a police van where he died. Andaya was known for past misconduct, including involvement in the death of another unarmed black man. He had 37 formal complaints of racism, brutality, and five lawsuits filed against him. Bay Area PoliceWatch helped lead a community-based campaign, “Justice for Aaron Williams,” which put Andaya in public eye. After trials Andaya was fired from the San Francisco Police Department.
After the Aaron Williams victory, the Ella Baker Center began to expand. New campaigns and organizing projects included Third Eye Movement, New York City PoliceWatch, INSWatch, etc. Third Eye Movement spent its first few years working on local issues including the police murder of Sheila Detoy. Third Eye Movement was one of the leading Hip Hop organizations that helped lead the fight against California’s Prop 21. Proposition 21 wanted to increase a variety of criminal penalties for crimes committed by youth offenders and put them into the adult criminal system. Due to the Movement, Bay Area counties were the only ones in the state to reject Proposition 21.
When the rest of California passed Proposition 21, the youth movement went through a period of “despair and mistrust.” Third Eye Movement split and Oakland started a new Ella Baker Center campaign, Let’s Get Free. While Let’s Get Free focused on police in Oakland, the rest of Ella Baker launched a new campaign, Books Not Bars.
Books Not Bars and its ally, Youth Force Coalition, focused on taking apart the creation of one of the nation’s largest new juvenile system in Oakland’s Alameda County. Alameda County agreed to cut the proposed expansion by 75 percent and to relocate the hall much closer to the families whose children were going to be jailed.
After protesting the juvenile hall expansion, the Ella Baker Center focused on campaigning to spread its vision of what the juvenile justice system should look like. In the past two years, the youth prison population has descreased by more than 50 percent and the Ella Baker Center has built a statewide network of over 500 family members with children in the Youth Authority. The campaign once known as Let’s Get Free is now Silence the Violence.
Today several organizations are still functional and helping the communities in great ways. From Books Not Bars, to the Silence the Violence, they are all going strong, we need to break the cycle of violence and reinvest in our cities. The organization offers smart solutions and uplifting alternatives to violence and incarceration.


“Ella Baker, About Ella Baker Center”, Ella Baker Center for Human Rights. 04/30/08. http://ellabakercenter.org/page.php?pageid=20
“Ella Baker Center for Human Rights in California”, Arts & Culture: The Nathan Cummings Foundation. 04/30/08http://www.nathancummings.net/AG_details_2004/000822.html
“Van Jones, I’m a Fan Of This Blogger (Get Email Alerts)”, The Huffington Post. 04/30/08.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/van-jones/
“Police Brutality”, Van Jones, United States. 04/30/08. http://www.speaktruth.org/defend/profiles/profile_13.asp
In this essay i changed my introduction paragraph in a way that make more since, I gave more dates and fixed my quotes. I capitalized awards, degree's, and I fixed my MLA format.

Deanna Moody

Dr. Joe Marshall Jr.

Joe Marshall is the executive director and co- founder of Omega Boys Club, a non violent prevention organization located in San Francisco, California. He is a father of three and the oldest of nine siblings; he is also a member of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. Dr. Marshall founded his organization in 1987, after a man named Philmore Graham of Vallejo, California, who originally discovered Omega Boys Club in 1971. The Omega Boys Club emphasizes academic achievement and non- involvement with drugs. After Dr. Marshall's 25 year position as a math teacher and administrator, he became a social entrepreneur, which is a person who recognizes a social problem and uses entrepreneurialship principals to organize, create, and manAge an adventure to make a social change. THE SE and gainS HIS OR HER success from the impact he or she HAS on society (SEE SUB VERB AGR). That's when he noticed lots of teens more involved in the street life instead of in school. He wanted to show them that there is a better way of life than standing on street corners, selling drugs, and doing nothing with themselves.

Dr. Marshall identified teens being killed, taken to jail, out on corners selling drugs, and teen pregnancy as a big problem. When Dr. Marshall was interviewed by Oprah Winfrey, he explained the reason HE DECIDED to start a boys club.

"'It got to the point where I kept a tie in the trunk of my car because I was going to so many funerals," says Joe. "I needed to figure out a way to stop the incarcerations…..to stop the pregnancies…..to stop the death.' "

Dr. Marshall started a boys club so that the youth can have a place to go and talk about their problems. The club is for the youth to come and get educated on things they need to know in life. It's a second home for most of the youth, a place where they feel safe and comfortable to be themselves.

Street Soldiers is a radio talk show where the youth can call in and talk about things going on in their communities and or lives if they are unable to make it to the club. Also people from the community can call in and talk about how they want to stop the violence in their communities. Dr. Marshall is loved by the community and others because he helped keep a lot of teens out the streets and in school. Dr. Marshall felt as though hip hop and rap music was-SV AGR the biggest obstacles because THEY poison the mindS of the youth with bad information, instructions, and examples on life. "Its poison, the young people know it. Even the artists have said the music has changed and it's poisoning our children. That's a big multi-billion dollar industry that I'm going to take on," said by Dr. Marshall to Cheryl Jennings in an interview. Dr. Marshall feels if the strategy used in the Omega Boys Club was used around the world there would be less violence among the youth. Since he kept teens coming back to his club, he found that in 2006 one hundred and twelve teens graduated from college and sixty-two are--VT enrolled.

The community owns the process because the teens participated, and got involved in making their lives better. They trusted Dr. Marshall to help them make a good change in their lives and once they saw how dedicated he was in helping them, the word spread and the organization grew. The teens saw that Dr. Marshall is an example of a black man making it in life by him earning his Bachelors of Art in political science and sociology from the University of San Francisco, a Masters of Art in education from San Francisco State University, AND A DOCTORAL DEGREE in psychology from the Wright Institute in Berkeley, ALONG WITH AN HONORARY DOCTORATE THERE IN PHILOSOPHY (IS THIS TRUE? I MOVED SOME OF YOUR WORDS AROUND), and a honorary doctorate of humane letters from Morehouse college in Atlanta, Georgia. In the process OF WHAT? he received lots of awards for helping the youth and the community such as: the White House Salute for success in Fighting Drugs and Crime in the Community in 1990, the Leadership award from the Children Defense Fund, the Genius award from McArthur CHECK THE SPELLING Foundation, and the Essence award Honoring Outstanding Contributions by African American Men from Essence magazine in 1994, The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial award from the National Educational Association in 1996, the Congressional Freedom Work Award for Outstanding Work in Making Americas Best Dream Come True in 1997, Candle in Community Service Award from Morehouse college in 1998, the National Trust Award for Development for African American Men in 1999, Service to the Youth Award from Links, inc in 2000, Use your Life Award from Oprah Winfrey in 2001, the History Makers Award and the Ten Most Influential African Americans from City Flight Magazine in 2002, Human Rights Leadership from Harvard University alumni of San Francisco in 2003, Ashoka International Fellow-an International Organization of Social Entrepreneurs Committed to Systemic Social Change in 2004, and the Community Leadership Award from San Francisco Foundation, Angel Award from Take the Wings Foundation, and Jefferson Award for Public Health in 2006.

Dr. Marshall received support from the community because everyone saw how hard it is for the youth and how they need a positive place to go to before they make bad decisions. The community gained a safer neighborhood since the youth are able to go to the club or school. The community may also have gained a better understanding of what the youth are going through and how hard it is to be positive in a world that has changed dramatically from having more respect for people and putting education before anything, TO WHAT? START A NEW SENTENCE and saw how much harder its getting for the youth everyday and started to give them support to do better. Dr. Marshall gained respect from the youth and community because the community saw how much of an impact he had on them and the teens saw a change in themselves. He also has gained the privilege to say while being interviewed by Oprah Winfrey, "Our goal is to keep the young people alive and free. That's it. That's the bottom line." Dr. Marshall teamed up with Jack Jacquf--CHECK SPELLING, WHO like Dr. Marshall they wanted to go beyond the basketball and tutoring and focusing on getting the teens away from violence. Jack Jacquf is also the founder of the Omega club and Street Soldiers including Street Soldiers co-host Margaret Norris.

Street Soldiers. 2007. May 7, 2008. www.streetsoldiers.org

A Good Black Man. 2007. May 7, 2008. www.agoodblackman.com

Oprah's Angel network. 2008. May 7, 2008 www.oprah.com/angelaward

Grant, Larraine. Exodus online. May 2, 1998. May 7, 2008. www.exodusnews.com

Tyler, Carolyn. San Francisco Anti violence program has global approach. June 25, 2007. May 7, 2008. www.abclocal.go.com

Luck, Thomas. Witness protection summit. 2006. May 7, 2008. www.fogcityjournal.com
Carmen Truong
Sabir 10-12
I revised my essay by first reading my essay out loud to myself. Then made corrections and adjustments as needed. Then I ask someone to read my essay to me out loud to see how well the essay sounds coming from another point of view. Then I went back and re read my essay for grammar, spelling and punctuation. Then finally I had my friend re read my essay to me to see if there would be any more corrections needed. I also added more information about ESA as well, so people that read my essay know what ESA exactly means and where it comes from.
*** I revised my essay and added a few more quotes than I had before. I have Joe Marshalls picture on the cover sheet of my paper. In a failed attempt I pushed to give you the hard copy of my paper. However, you told me that you didnt want it without the presentation. although you would work something out with me on my grade due to a personal family related issue.

Ammnah Babikir
Eng. 201b
Dr. Joe Marshall: From the Ground up Starting with the Youth

---- picture of Joe Marshall ---

“I can use this model; Alive and Free, in getting some of our boys off the street.”
-Joe marshall

The Omega Boys Club is an academic, drug-free organization that was co founded by the social entrepreneur Dr. Joe Marshall and originated in the city of San Francisco in 1987. This organization was created to keep youth out of the streets and in programs that will educate them. "The show's content is a valuable resource that can be used to establish a dialog concerning the issues affecting our communities," he added. "We are excited to share the Street Soldiers radio program with a broader audience." says Dr. Marshall. For the last 20 years, he has been keeping youth “alive and free” and off the streets. This has been the slogan for the Omega Boys Club. They have established a weekly call in radio show called Street Soldiers, and the Omega Club House which holds weekly family meetings. Dr Marshall feels that violence was a virus and the Omega Boys club was its treatment. There are four primary programs which are The Omega Leadership Academy, which provides academic preparation and life skills education for all Club members. They also receive counseling, college placement assistance and scholarship support. This component also provides non-college bound Club members with social and employment skills necessary to enter the job market. The Omega Training Institute, The Institute has three programs. The School Adoption Program works with six Bay Area schools, helping them transform their classrooms so they can achieve a violence-free learning environment and academic success. Omega Training Institutes inform, teach and train individuals who work with youth in the violence prevention and intervention methodology developed by the Omega Boys Club. The Street Soldiers National Consortium is a group of professionals and organizations trained in the Omega violence prevention methodology and dedicated to preventing violence by using and promoting the model. To date, Omega has trained 1,117 adults who work with youth, including police officers, youth development workers, and 756 Bay Area school faculty and staff affecting 12,096 students. The Street Soldiers Violence Prevention includes Street Soldiers Communications and Outreach:
• The Club's Hotline, 1-800-SOLDIER, which provides help and a source for information and referrals;
• Workshops and presentations for community agencies, schools and other organizations;
• Presentations to inmates in correctional institutions and training workshops for staff.
Then there is Street Soldiers Radio Show
This award-winning call-in radio talk show deals with the pressing issues that young people face, particularly those related to keeping neighborhoods and communities safe. This radio show is a weekly three-hour call-in show on 12 radio stations nationwide reaches over 300,000 listeners.
-Now 133 Omega students have graduated from college with the help of the Omega Boys Club. Another 50 Omegas are currently enrolled in college.

Joe Marshall was a middle school teacher and administrator, and Jack Jacqua, a middle school counselor were greatly concerned about the violence and drop-out rate of African-American youth. After leaving a twenty-five year career, they put their mind’s together and came up with the Omega Boys Club youth outreach organization, which offered positive recreational and educational activities for the youth. Jack and Joe noticed how strong the violence was in the community so they decided to go as far as helping most youth move away from the “culture of violence” to a safer environment.

Dr. Marshall is the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the McArthur Foundation Genius Award, the Leadership award from the Children's Defense Fund, The Essences Award honoring outstanding contributions by African American men, the Martin Luther King Jr. Award from the National Education Association, and the "Use Your Life Award" from the Oprah Winfrey's Angel Network. He is also the author of the 1996 best-selling book, Street Soldier: One Man's Struggle to save a generation, one life at a time. Dr. Marshall is also a current member of the San Francisco Police Commission. He is an elected Fellow of Ashoka: Innovators for the Public, a global organization of social entrepreneurs, who are recognized for their innovative solutions to some of society's most difficult social problems.

Here are some testimonials from a few of the Omega Training Institute recipients:
Testimonials from Omega Training Institute Participants
"Excellent new perspective on violence issue. Shed light on my failures and successes."

"Excellent and much needed."

"This has been the missing piece in the puzzle in my work with young people at risk of violence, incarceration and death."

"It's been very helpful to make me know myself better and help others with this information. Best workshop I've ever been (to)."

"I can use this model in getting some of our boys off the street. Informative and essential."

"Timely, useful, important to the safety of the kids we serve. The steps were clear and the result great!"

"It is just what we need for the youth we work with. Awesome."

"The most powerful training that I have ever been to!"

"Very practical; presented in ways that make it easy to implement."

"Excellent! It changed my life."

"Words can't express the value of the information and knowledge I gained. This information is now my bible."

Highlights & Accomplishments
• 133 College graduates
• 60 Omegas currently in colleges across the country
• 63 Projects which utilize the Omega Boys Club/
Street Soldiers Violence Prevention methodology
• 12 radio station affiliates for the Street Soldiers
syndicated radio program
• The 2006 Jefferson Award for Public Service
• The 2004 Ashoka International Fellowship from Ashoka, an international organization of social entrepreneurs committed to systemic social change.
• The 2004 Living History Makers Award from Turning Point Magazine.
• The 2003 Human Rights Leadership Award from the
Harvard Club of San Francisco
• The 2003 University of San Francisco Alumni
Educators Award
• The 2002 City Flight Magazine "10 Most Influential
African Americans in the Bay Area" award
• The 2002 History Makers Award
• The 2001 Use Your Life Award from Oprah Winfrey
• The 1999 National Trust Award for the development of African American Men
• The 1998 ''Candle in Community Service Award'' from Morehouse College
• The 1997 Congressional Freedom Works Award
• The 1996 Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Award from the National Education Association
• The 1994 McArthur Foundation ''genius'' fellowship
• The 1994 Essence Award honoring African American Men
• The 1994 Leadership Award from the Children's Defense Fund
This is really interesting article. ….I have found really great stuff over here..This is great. Thanks for the information….AuthorsMania develop that polished draft over time for me. I know it was a bit hurry, but AuthorsMania build those patchy starts into a structured argument. Hats off to AuthorsMania.
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